An apron is a piece of leather material that covers the top of the vamp around the perimeter, almost like an apron that you might wear.
An eyelet is a hole in the upper of a shoe or boot through which the laces are threaded. Eyelets are added in the closing room of our factory and are added at the same time as patterning and rivets.
In a traditional bellows tongue, the tongue of the boot is attached directly to the upper along the opening where the laces run, rather than being a mostly free-floating piece of material attached only at the bottom, as in most footwear.
The material that is inside of a shoe and is in contact with the foot when the shoe is being worn. The woven rib on the insole is also used to secure the upper as it is connected with small nails and staples to hold the shoe together until the welt is attached.
The lining of a shoe surrounds the foot from all sides and its job is to keep your foot warm and dry whilst optimally regulating the moisture balance inside the shoe.
The mid-sole - also known as the ’through’ - is a mostly piece of leather that is placed over the layer of cork which is in the cavity between the welt and insole.
Sock lining is the inner part of the footwear that covers the insole (footbed) of our footwear. You touch this part with your foot when wearing shoes.
The upper is the part of the shoe that covers the toes, the top, sides and back of the heel. Uppers are normally made from several parts of material, usually leather or suede, which are stitched together by expert craftspeople.
The welt is a leather strip that joins the insole to the upper to which the sole is subsequently attached by stitching. Because welted shoes are sewn together rather than glued, skilled craftsmen can dismantle, repair and refurbish them.